Description: Hardy, North American perennial Finely-divided, lacy, bright green fronds
Habit: Grows 18 to 36 inches high, forms vase-shaped clumps up to 36 inches wide
Culture: Prefers partial to full shade and moist but well-drained, humus-rich woodland loam
Hardiness: USDA Zones 2 through 7
Origin: Northern Temperate Regions
Attributes: Rabbit Resistant, Good for Heavy Shade
Native to the boreal forests of North America, Europe, and Asia, this fern is found in wet woodlands, moist wooded slopes, stream banks, and swamps. During the 18th century ferns often were used to pack plants and fruits for shipping. Writing to James Madison from France in 1785, Thomas Jefferson mentioned an encounter with a man in the country cutting fern; this man told Jefferson that fruit packed in straw acquired an ill taste, but that dry fern preserved it perfectly without communicating any taste at all.