Late-spring flowering perennial
Description: Tall, slender flower stems bear many charming, pale yellow, one-inch long flowers
Habit: Flower stalks grow 2 to 3 feet tall above a basal mound of evergreen, strap-like, pale green foliage
Culture: Prefers sun to part-shade and well-drained but moist garden loam; can tolerate drought once established
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 3
Attributes: Evergreen, Drought tolerant, Deer resistant
Small yellow foxglove has been cultivated in British gardens since the 16th century, and was probably established in American gardens by 1800. It's slender stalks of pale yellow blossoms are very striking in partly shaded locations against a dark green background. The plants form leafy clumps their first season from seed and flower the second. They are short-lived perennials, but self-sow readily and perpetuate themselves in the garden. "Yellow-flowered Fox-glove" is listed in Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon's book, The American Gardeners Calendar, 1806, as a "hardy, fibrous rooted perennial". Nineteenth-century American garden writer Joseph Breck recommended this species in his book, The Flower Garden (1851). Deer avoid all Digitalis species.