Hardy, deciduous, Eastern North American tree
Description: Panicles of bright red flowers in late spring, followed by smooth, rounded fruits in the fall; handsome, lustrous dark green foliage.
Habit: Clump forming, round-topped shrub or small tree reaching 10 to 15-feet high and wide.
Culture: Prefers sun to part shade and moist, but well-drained soil rich in organic matter
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 4
Origin: North America
Attributes: Attracts hummingbirds
This lovely North American native was introduced into Europe by 1711. In 1798 Thomas Jefferson included this tree in a box of plants sent from Philadelphia to his son-in-law Thomas Mann Randolph. Jefferson intended it to be planted in the upper grove amid his arboretum of catalpas, wild crab apples, horse chestnuts, and Pride of China (Chinaberry) trees. The Philadelphia nursery of John Bartram & Son offered Red Buckeye by the late eighteenth century.