Hardy North American perennial
Description: Creamy white spikes of tiny flowers cover the plant in spring on stalks to 12 inches; 3-5 lobed, soft olive green foliage often persists through winter
Habit: Forms a mound 6 to 12 inches high and 12 inches wide
Culture: Prefers part shade and moist acid soils, with plenty of organic matter; benefits from yearly mulch
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 3
Origin: North America
Attributes: Deer resistant
This is a choice native perennial groundcover for shaded sites. It occurs naturally in rich woods from Canada to parts of North Carolina and Tennessee. Foamflower was introduced into Britain in 1731; however, references to it being grown in American gardens did not appear before the nineteenth century. Boston seedsman and garden writer, Joseph Breck recommended its use as an ornamental flower by the mid-1800's. This plant is not attractive to deer.