Hardy, North American herbaceous perennial
Description: Small, greenish-white flowers in spring followed by red raspberry-like fruit; palmately lobed leaves; thick, knotty yellow roots
Habit: Grows to 12 inches high and 8 to 12 inches wide
Culture: Prefers rich moist soil with plenty of leaf mould and partial shade
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 3
Origin: North America
Attributes: Summer berries
This Eastern North American perennial is found in rich, moist, marshy places in cool, deciduous forests. It was discovered and sent to Britain in 1759. Goldenseal's yellow root was once used by Native Americans for dyeing a bright yellow color, as well as to produce a medicinal narcotic. Although this member of the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae) is not found in the woodlands of Monticello, its cousin the Yellow Root, Xanthoriza simplicissima, grows along the banks of the Rivanna River and is a favorite species on Monticello's "Saturdays in the Garden" wildflower walks every April.
Arrives in a 4" pot.