This flora - the first offered for Virginia in exactly 250 years - is a complete guide for learning about the plants of Virginia, whether a wildflower from a weedy roadside, a shrub from a coastal dune, or a tree from a deep Appalachian hollow. Scientists, educators, students, and professional field biologists will put this manual to great use, allowing a broader understanding of our natural world. With that knowledge will come the desire to make sound conservation decisions and the ability to do so. This work will prove to be a critical tool for the conservation and protection of Virginia's most important vegetation and rarest plants. It will allow us to soundly manage our natural resources and carefully develop our lands. And ultimately, this flora will engender a more profound connection with our plants and thus a deeper appreciation of their beauty, complexity, and value to Virginia's future generations.