Hardy, deciduous, Eastern North American perennial
Description: Handsome, broadly lance-shaped sterile fronds and distinctive fertile fronds bearing a mass of cinnamon-brown spores at the top in spring
Habit: Grows 2 to 3 feet high and wide
Culture: Prefers moist, fertile, humus-rich, preferably acidic soil, in light, dappled shade
Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 through 8
Origin: North America, South America, West Indies, Eastern Asia
Attributes: Rabbit tolerant, rain garden
This handsome fern grew abundantly in forests and stream banks and was first introduced to Europe by early American naturalists in 1772. While ferns were not generally planted in early American gardens the foliage was often used to pack plants for shipping.