Herbaceous, spring-flowering North American perennial
Description: Bright, golden-yellow, 4-petaled flowers in clusters atop upright stems; deeply lobed, downy, mid-green foliage
Habit: Grows 1-2 feet high and wide
Culture: Prefers part to full shade and moist to wet, humus-rich soil; occasionally re-blooms in fall if soil is kept moist
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 4
Origin: North America
Attributes: Rain garden
Unlike the rank and weedy European or greater celandine (Chelidonium majus), this eastern North American native is very desirable in the shade garden. It was first introduced into cultivation in 1854 and was recommended in The English Flower Garden (1883) by the British landscape designer and garden writer William Robinson. New Jersey garden writer and nurseryman Peter Henderson cited Robinson in his Handbook of Plants (1890) and noted that the native species was as showy as the other found in India and Japan (Stylophorum japonicum). The yellow sap in the stems was used as a dye by Native American Indians.
Arrives in a 1 quart pot.