Harvested from the gardens at Monticello.
Introduced to European gardens in 1714, this favorite deer resistant native wildflower grows in open meadows and sunny sites throughout North America. This self-seeding biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears bright yellow flowers with distinctive black eyes in summer and is attractive to butterflies and birds.
Native Distribution: All US states except: AZ, NV
Sow seeds indoors 12 weeks before the last frost date at 70 degrees F. To improve germination, provide cold, moist stratification for 4 weeks before sowing. Transplant to 3" pots once they have several true leaves, then harden off and plant outdoors into well-drained soil after the last frost. Approximately 40-50 seeds per packet
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