Hardy, summer to fall-blooming, native perennial
Description: Masses of bright yellow, daisy-like flowers with dark brown centers; shiny, deep green foliage
Habit: Grows 2-3’ high and up to 2’ wide; clump-forming; naturalizing
Culture: Prefers full sun and average, well-drained to dry soils; drought-tolerant once established
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 4
Origin: Eastern United States
Attributes: Attracts birds, bees, and butterflies; Deer resistant
This showy, long-blooming wildflower is native to a range of soil types in meadows, open woods, and thickets from New York south to Florida and west to Missouri. Included in Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon’s The American Gardener’s Calendar (1806), this species has long been recognized as a worthy garden plant. The flowers are good for cutting and attract a range of butterflies, native bees, and other pollinators; the seeds are later enjoyed by songbirds. Deer are not attracted to this plant.