Description: Butter yellow, five-petal flowers in early summer; medium green, heart-shaped leaves
Habit: Low-growing groundcover 6 to 12-inches high, spreads by divisions and self-seeding
Culture: Prefers part shade and moist but well-drained garden loam
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 4
Origin: Eastern North America
Attributes: Attracts bees and butterflies; Deer resistant
Smooth Yellow Violet is one of several violet species that thrive in rich forests of Eastern North America. Viola pensylvanica was introduced to European gardens by 1772 and was listed as a perennial flower in Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon’s The American Gardener’s Calendar, 1806. In February 1808, while Jefferson was President and living in Washington, DC, his granddaughter, Anne Cary Randolph, wrote that she intended to plant violets in the shady beds at Monticello. A month later she enclosed fragrant white violets in a letter, writing “I enclose you some white violets but fear they will lose their smell before they reach you.” The nectar of Smooth Yellow Violets attracts butterflies and bees. The plants are resistant to deer damage and have no serious insect or disease problems.
This plant will ship bare root. Grade: #1.zone4,zone5,zone6,zone7,zone8,zone9
Bare root planting tips:
- If you can't plant immediately, store your plant in a cool location and keep the roots moist or pot in a container with a nursery potting mix from your local garden center.
- Before planting, let the roots soak for several hours as you prepare the site. You'll want to dig a large enough hole so the root mass can spread out and the plant is at the same soil level as when it was growing in the nursery.
- Once planted, water it in well and wait a month before fertilizing. Mulching will help to maintain moisture and raise soil temperatures for faster growth.