Description: Smooth, slate grey bark is irregularly fluted, giving an overall appearance of flexed muscles; delicate branching habit
Habit: Grows 20-35 feet high and wide
Culture: Prefers deep, rich, moist, and slightly acidic soils; this highly adaptable tree occurs naturally in woodlands along rivers and streams, but can tolerate sun
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 3
Origin: Eastern North America
Attributes: Fall color
Also commonly known as American Hornbeam, Musclewood, and Blue Beech, this sturdy understory tree grows natively from Nova Scotia to Minnesota and south to Florida and Texas. Early New England settlers used the wood to make bowls and dishes that did not leak. Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon listed this native species in his 1806 American Gardener’s Calendar and Jefferson directed the planting of “horn beams,” along with a number of other trees at Monticello, circa 1808. The beech-like leaves, which turn deep scarlet and orange in the fall, and its zigzag branching habit make Ironwood a handsome specimen in the landscape.
This plant will ship bare root. Two year seedling is approximately 2' tall. zone3, zone4, zone5, zone6,zone7,zone8,zone9
Bare root planting tips:
- If you can't plant immediately, store your plant in a cool location and keep the roots moist or pot in a container with a nursery potting mix from your local garden center.
- Before planting, let the roots soak for several hours as you prepare the site. You'll want to dig a large enough hole so the root mass can spread out and the plant is at the same soil level as when it was growing in the nursery.
- Once planted, water it in well and wait a month before fertilizing. Mulching will help to maintain moisture and raise soil temperatures for faster growth.