A revered founding father of the United States, Alexander Hamilton was the first Secretary of the Treasury (1789-1795), creating the financial and administrative structure of the national government. An aide-de-camp to General George Washington during the American Revolutionary War, he was a leader of the nationalist forces calling for a new Constitution. He co-authored the Federalist Papers with James Madison and John Jay and inspired the first modern political party, the Federalist Party, in 1792. Hamilton called for a strong national government to protect the United States from foreign enemies and to promote industry, finance, commerce and economic modernization. In 1804, Hamilton’s life was prematurely ended when he was killed in a duel with political adversary Aaron Burr.