Salad greens other than lettuce were important in early American diets for nutrients and flavor. Arugula or Garden Rocket is a hardy southern European annual, grown since the 16th century, with smooth, glossy, lyrate leaves and fragrant, pale citron-yellow flowers. It can be eaten young and tender in salads or mixed into pasta and rice dishes.
Arugula grows best and quickly in cooler weather; direct sow seeds in rich loam at three-week intervals in early spring and again in late summer for a succession of greens. Approximately 65-80 seeds per packet.
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Line Drawing from The Vegetable Garden
by M. M. Vilmorin-Andrieux (1885)