Description: Distinctive round shield-like leaves unfurl in early spring; flowers are nodding, wax-like cups that spring from the forked stem in mature plants; yellowish, egg-shaped fruits or "apples" about 2 inches long
Habit: Grows 12 to 18 inches in height; spreads by rhizomes to form colonies
Culture: Prefers deep, rich, moist soil with plenty of organic matter and partial shade. Plant root tips just below the surface and mulch with well-rotted leaves.
Hardiness: Cold hardy to USDA Zone 3
Origin: North America
Under most conditions these vigorous native perennials can carpet large areas of the forest with broad, dark green leaves which resemble parasols. The fruits, which form in May, also give it the common names Hog Apple and Wild Lemon. May Apples are associated with rich woodlands from western Quebec south to Florida and Texas and occur abundantly throughout the forests of Monticello. Fruits are food for wildlife (but the leaves, roots, and unripe fruit are poisonous to humans). zone3,zone4,zone5,zone6,zone7,zone8,zone9