Capt. Samuel Brown sent Jefferson seeds of this dwarf pepper from San Antonio, Texas in 1812-13; stating that the peppers were as “essential to my health as salt itself.” Jefferson grew them at Monticello and also forwarded seeds to Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon who popularized it as an ornamental pot plant. Texas Bird Pepper is a lush, compact plant covered in early fall with tiny half-inch, reddish-orange, extremely hot peppers.
Sow seeds indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost date, transplant to 3” pots once they have several true leaves, then transplant outdoors 2-4 weeks after last frost. Pepper plants prefer warm soils for germination and growth. Approximately 20-25 seeds per packet.
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